At the innermost point of the Gulf of Argolis you come to the port of Nafplion. Nafplion, which was the capital city of
Greece for quite a while during the 19th century, is a beautiful large town worth visiting as it has many historical sites of
interest. Towering over Nafplion is the medieval fort of Palamidi with 880 steps leading down to the town, the little
island fortress of Bourdzi in the middle of the harbour , the mansions and the public buildings seen as you walk through
the narrow cobbled streets will fascinate you. From Nafplion you can take a tour to the most famous archaeological
site: Mycenae the cradle of civilisation. Here is the site of a pre-historic citadel fortified by Cyclopean walls with 2
gates (The Lion Gate and The North Gate).
The first walls were built around 1350 BC but the citadel itself assumed
its present form around 1200 BC. Inside the enclosure, the most important buildings are the Granary, the two
sanctuaries, Grave circle A containing six royal tombs of the 16th century BC and the living quarters of the dignitaries
and priests in the lower citadel. There is also a Mycenean palace on the crest of the hill, a smaller palace further east and finally to the NE the Secret Cistern.
South of Nafplion
For those who have more time to sail, we suggest they continue their journey south along the coast of the Peloponnese and make ports of call at Leonidion and
Kyparissi; both have small serene and unspoiled harbors which will give you a chance to have a look at the other Greece, at tiny rural villages and life that has
remained unchanged for years. If you are fortunate you will find the hidden entrance of Gerakas, a lagoon at the end of a hidden fjord , continue south to
Monemvasia, the Greek Rock of Gibraltar, with a medieval town built on sheer rock, linked to the mainland by a narrow sandy arm.